Hyperpigmentation is a common skin condition where certain areas become darker due to increased melanin production. The most common types of hyperpigmentation are sunspots, age spots, and hormonal spots. Although hyperpigmentation is generally harmless, we recommend you to visit the dermatologist to get a diagnosis.
One of the most effective treatments is sunscreen. More than a treatment, it is the most crucial preventive method. Not only should you use sunscreen, but also protective clothing and avoid prolonged sun exposure.
Using creams that contain ingredients such as retinoids, azelaic acid, niacinamide, AHAs, BHAs, and vitamin C can help improve the appearance of hyperpigmented areas.
Retinoids: Derived from vitamin A, they help stimulate collagen production, regulate melanin, and promote cell renewal.
Azelaic acid inhibits the enzyme tyrosinase, which plays a role in melanin production. It also acts as an antioxidant and antimicrobial.
Niacinamide: Also known as Vitamin B3, it plays a crucial role in cellular processes. It helps control oil, protects the skin barrier, and is excellent for skin brightening.
These ingredients should be gradually incorporated into your skincare routine, and it's important to perform a patch test to avoid irritation.Remember to consult with your dermatologist for an evaluation of your hyperpigmented area. Avoid using overly aggressive treatments and strive to educate yourself about the ingredients you plan to include in your routine.